We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Contemporary Review |

Current Knowledge and Management of Vascular Anomalies, II Malformations

Marcelo Hochman, MD; Denise M. Adams, MD; Travis D. Reeves, MD
Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2011;13(6):425-433. doi:10.1001/archfacial.2011.795.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective To present current information on the diagnosis, pathogenesis, natural history, and treatment of vascular malformations.

Method Literature review.

Results Vascular malformations are a heterogeneous group of congenital lesions resulting from aberrations of vascular embryogenesis. They are distinct from the vascular tumors with which they are commonly confused in presentation, natural history, and management.

Conclusions Multimodality intervention involving medical therapy, laser photocoagulation, and surgery is available for the various types of vascular malformations. Multidisciplinary care is crucial for the evaluation and management of these complicated lesions. Clarification of underlying pathogenesis and molecular biologic mechanisms will provide opportunities for expansion of available treatments.

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?






You need to register in order to view this quiz.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

11 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles