Accepted for Publication: April 29, 2011.
Published Online: August 15, 2011. doi:10.1001/archfacial.2011.61
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Bloom, Bleier, Carniol, Palmer, and Cohen. Acquisition of data: Bloom and Carniol. Analysis and interpretation of data: Bloom, Bleier, Goldstein, Carniol, and Cohen. Drafting of the manuscript: Bloom, Carniol, and Cohen. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Bloom, Bleier, Goldstein, Carniol, Palmer, and Cohen. Statistical analysis: Bloom and Bleier. Obtained funding: Bloom and Cohen. Administrative, technical, and material support: Bloom, Bleier, and Cohen. Study supervision: Goldstein, Carniol, Palmer, and Cohen.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This research project is the recipient of the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Resident Research Centralized Otolaryngology Research Efforts (CORE) Grant ($5000).
Previous Presentation: This study was presented orally at the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Fall Meeting; September 23, 2010; Boston, Massachusetts.
Additional Contributions: The authors and investigators of this study would like to acknowledge multiple parties for their help with this study. We would like to thank the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Neurology Department for their help with the EMG set-up, evaluation, and interpretation. Also, we would like to acknowledge the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Animal Research Facility veterinarians and veterinary technicians, specifically Pierre Conti, DVM, and Perry DeRitis, for their assistance with the care, feeding, and housing of the animals. Finally, we would like to thank the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Pathology Department and Eugene Einhorn, MD, for the preparation, analysis, and interpretation of the histopathological portion of this study.