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Original Investigation |

Optimizing Total Facial Nerve Patient Management for Effective Clinical Outcomes Research

Prabhat Bhama, MD1,2,4; Richard E. Gliklich, MD1,3,4; Julie S. Weinberg, BA1,4; Tessa A. Hadlock, MD1,4; Robin W. Lindsay, MD1,4
[+] Author Affiliations
1Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston
2Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
3Clinical Outcomes Research Unit, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
4Facial Nerve Center, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston
JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2014;16(1):9-14. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2013.1382.
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Importance  Assessment of outcomes in patients with facial paralysis is challenging owing to the lack of objective tools to evaluate facial function and suboptimal data collection.

Objective  To describe a methodology for prospective evaluation of patients with facial paralysis that permits optimal assessment of clinical outcomes.

Design, Setting, and Participants  At the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, we have treated over 2000 patients with facial nerve injury since 2002. To better quantify and improve our outcomes, we have developed what we now believe represents a systematic method for the previsit evaluation, intake, management, and follow-up of our facial nerve patients to optimize data collection for the purposes of clinical outcome studies, as detailed in this retrospective descriptive study.

Results  Data collection is often poor if there is not a specific individual delegated to the task and is particularly challenging in the intraoperative setting. Retrospective acquisition of data are inherently less accurate and time consuming. A user-friendly searchable database is required to use the collected data.

Conclusions and Relevance  Clinical outcomes research in the field of facial paralysis requires meticulous attention to comprehensive data collection at appropriate time points, precision photography, and the use of available quality of life and objective measurement tools. Ideally, a standardized approach for data collection would be adopted that would permit multi-institutional data analysis to improve the quality of outcomes research currently available.

Level of Evidence  NA.

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Patient Management Model Used at Our Clinic

CN indicates cranial nerve; CPA, cerebellopontine angle; and PT, physical therapy.

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The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
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