Accepted for Publication: May 13, 2013.
Published Online: January 9, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2013.2217.
Study concept and design: Kleiss, Knox,Hadlock, Heaton.
Acquisition of data: Kleiss, Knox, Malo, Hadlock.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Kleiss, Malo, Marres, Hadlock, Heaton.
Drafting of the manuscript: Kleiss, Malo, Hadlock.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Kleiss, Knox, Marres, Hadlock, Heaton.
Statistical analysis: Kleiss, Hadlock.
Obtained funding: Hadlock.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Knox, Malo, Hadlock, Heaton.
Study supervision: Marres, Hadlock, Heaton.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by grant R01NS071067 from the National Institutes of Health (Drs Hadlock and Heaton).
Role of the Sponsor: The National Institutes of Health had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented orally at the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings; April 13, 2013; Orlando, Florida.
Additional Contributions: Julie S. Weinberg, BA, contributed to data collection and analysis, and Marc H. Hohman, MD, performed the microsurgeries. These individuals did not receive compensation for their help.
Correction: This article was corrected on March 6, 2014, to fix the Abstract.