Accepted for Publication: November 8, 2013.
Published Online: March 20, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2013.2537.
Study concept and design: Rossell-Perry, Caceres Nano, Gavino-Gutierrez.
Acquisition of data: Rossell-Perry, Caceres Nano, Gavino-Gutierrez.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Rossell-Perry, Caceres Nano, Gavino-Gutierrez.
Drafting of the manuscript: Rossell-Perry, Caceres Nano, Gavino-Gutierrez.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Rossell-Perry, Caceres Nano, Gavino-Gutierrez.
Statistical analysis: Rossell-Perry.
Obtained funding: Rossell-Perry.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Rossell-Perry, Caceres Nano, Gavino-Gutierrez.
Study supervision: Rossell-Perry, Gavino-Gutierrez.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: Financial support for Outreach Surgical Center Program Lima activities (including research) is received from The Smile Train Foundation, New York, New York. The Outreach Surgical Center Program Lima is a nonprofit organization based in Lima, Perú, that treats patients with cleft lip and palate.
Role of the Sponsors: The sponsor participated in the following aspects of this study: design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: This research was presented at CLEFT 2005, 8th International Congress of Cleft Lip and Palate and Related Craniofacial Anomalies; September 6, 2005; Durban, South Africa.
Additional Contributions: We would like to thank Paul Rottler, MD, Plastic Surgeon, ReSurge International, St Louis, Missouri, for his assistance with the English language, and Engineer Armando Barrientos, MS, Professor Post-Graduate Studies, San Marcos University, Lima, Perú, for his assistance with biostatistics.