Accepted for Publication: September 9, 2013.
Published Online: April 3, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2013.2458.
Study concept and design: Gordin, Luginbuhl, Heffelfinger, Krein.
Acquisition of data: All authors.
Analysis and interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Gordin, Luginbuhl, Ortlip, Krein.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Luginbuhl, Heffelfinger.
Statistical analysis: Luginbuhl, Ortlip.
Obtained funding: Heffelfinger.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Gordin, Luginbuhl, Heffelfinger, Krein.
Study supervision: Luginbuhl, Heffelfinger, Krein.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: Funding for this project was supplied by Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital.
Role of the Sponsor: The funder had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: This work was presented at the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery section of the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meeting; April 19, 2012; San Diego, California.
Additional Contributions: The Division of Biostatistics, Thomas Jefferson University, assisted with the statistical analysis.