Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Published Online: June 5, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2014.113.
Study concept and design: Worsham, Joseph, Jones.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Young, Worsham, Joseph, Divine, Jones.
Drafting of the manuscript: Young, Worsham, Joseph, Jones.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Young, Worsham, Joseph, Divine, Jones.
Statistical analysis: Divine, Jones.
Obtained funding: Joseph.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Worsham, Jones.
Study supervision: Jones.
Previous Presentation: This research was presented as a poster at the Triological Society Combined Sections Meeting (Facial Plastic Surgery and Reconstruction section); January 26-28, 2012; Miami Beach, Florida.
Additional Contributions: We thank Danny Meslemani, MD, currently in private practice, and Paul Judge, MD, Department of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, University of Nebraska Medical Center, for their contributions to data gathering. Drs Meslemani and Judge were not compensated for their contributions.