Accepted for Publication: April 7, 2014.
Published Online: August 7, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2014.480.
Study concept and design: Kochhar, Wu, Elisseeff.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Mohan.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Mohan, Condé-Green, Hillel, Byrne, Elisseeff.
Obtained funding: Elisseeff.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Condé-Green, Hillel, Elisseeff.
Study supervision: Byrne.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Drs Wu, Byrne, and Elisseeff reported being inventors on intellectual property licensed to Aegeria Soft Tissue LLC. Dr Byrne reported being the chief medical officer and a shareholder of Aegeria Soft Tissue LLC. Dr Elisseeff reported being an inventor on and a shareholder of intellectual property licensed to Aegeria Soft Tissue LLC. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by grant 5R01DE016887-04 from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, and by grant W81CWH-I1-2-002 from the Department of Defense (Dr Elisseeff).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank the members of the Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, for providing tissue samples and materials.