Accepted for Publication: June 3, 2014.
Published Online: October 9, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2014.617.
Study concept and design: Placheta, Wood, Frey, Borschel.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Placheta, Wood, Lafontaine, Gordon, Borschel.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Wood. Lafontaine, Frey, Borschel.
Obtained funding: Placheta, Frey, Borschel.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Placheta, Wood, Lafontaine.
Study supervision: Frey, Gordon, Borschel.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work was funded by Dr Borschel’s grant from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR), a scholarship from the International Society for Science in Plastic Surgery, Vienna, Austria (Dr Placheta), and the Hospital for Sick Children Foundation (Dr Gordon).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentations: This study was presented at the European Association of Plastic Surgeons (EURAPS) Research Council Meeting; May 24-26, 2012; Munich; Germany; at the EURAPS Meeting; May 23-25, 2013; Antalya, Turkey; and at the 12th International Facial Nerve Symposium; June 28–July 1, 2013; Boston, Massachusetts.