Accepted for Publication: July 1, 2014.
Published Online: January 2, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2014.1295.
Study concept and design: Lindsay, Bhama.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Lindsay, Bhama, Hohman, Hadlock.
Drafting of the manuscript: Lindsay, Hohman.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Lindsay, Bhama, Hadlock.
Statistical analysis: Bhama.
Obtained funding: Lindsay.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Lindsay, Hadlock.
Study supervision: Lindsay.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study received funding from the Leslie Bernstein grant, a CORE grant funded by the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Information: Dr Bhama is now with the Department of Otolaryngology, Alaska Native Medical Center, Anchorage.
Additional Contributions: Kate Horstkotte, BA, and Kerry Shanley, PA, Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, provided assistance with data entry and retrieval. They were not compensated for their contributions.