Accepted for Publication: September 24, 2014.
Published Online: February 5, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2014.1492.
Study concept and design: Dey, M. Ishii, Byrne, L. E. Ishii.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Dey, M. Ishii, Phillis, Boahene, L. E. Ishii.
Drafting of the manuscript: Dey, M. Ishii, L. E. Ishii.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Dey, M. Ishii, Phillis, L. E. Ishii.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Dey, M. Ishii, Phillis, Boahene, L. E. Ishii.
Study supervision: Dey, M. Ishii, Byrne, L. E. Ishii.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Additional Contributions: We would like to acknowledge Kelli Nash and LouEllen Michel, RN, CORLN, Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, for their assistance with data collection. We thank Katharine Phillips, MD, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, for the use of the BDDQ. None of these contributors received compensation for these roles.