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Perspectives |

Jacques Joseph Father of Modern Facial Plastic Surgery

Hans Behrbohm, MD; Walter Briedigkeit, MD; Oliver Kaschke, MD
Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2008;10(5):300-303. doi:10.1001/archfaci.10.5.300.
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Jacques Joseph (1865-1934) (Figure 1) was one of the most important figures in modern rhinoplasty and facial plastic surgery. He was a talented surgeon who had not only excellent surgical know-how, but also an artistic feeling for form at his disposal. He established the intranasal techniques of rhinoplasty, saw the dual task of rhinosurgery in the improvement of function and form, and saw aesthetic surgery as a medical task. Joseph was also a teacher and an inventor in the field of rhinoplasty and facial plastic surgery. With his famous textbook on nasal plastic surgery and other facial reconstructive procedures, he established his outstanding personality in the history of rhinoplasty.

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Figure 6.

Walter Briedigkeit, MD, found the destroyed gravesite and the remnants of the gravestone of Jacques Joseph's grave in 2003.

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Figure 7.

On October 17, 2004, the restored gravestone of Jacques Joseph, MD, was consecrated by a ceremony in the Jewish Cemetery in Berlin-Weissensee. On the front is the new inscription on polished Swedish granite.

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Figure 5.

A collection of instruments invented by Jacques Joseph, MD, which includes different double-beveled knives, pliers, elevators, and saws. The instruments were originally signed with “Prof. Joseph” (collection of the Institute for Medical Education and Development; http://www.imwe-berlin.de).

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Figure 4

. Photograph taken during a rhinoplastic preparation course in the Anatomical Institute of the Charité hospital in 1922. From right to left, sitting: Jacques Joseph, MD, Friedrich Kopsch, MD, and an unknown Spanish surgeon; standing: Jacques Maliniac, MD, Gustave Aufricht, MD, and Zoltán Nagel, MD.

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Figure 3.

Detail of the textbook by Jacques Joseph, MD,4 with colored illustrations of surgical steps and black and white preoperative and postoperative photographs representing an amazingly high standard considering the time the book was published.

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Figure 2.

Photographs and illustrations from the case of Musafer Ipar, a man with severe wound defect in the face from an injury received in World War I. This case is a well documented example of the great surgical experience of Jacques Joseph, MD, and his achieved results.

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Figure 1.

Jacques Joseph, MD (1865-1934).

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