Time to complete wound healing did not differ significantly between occlusive (median, 66 days; interquartile range [IQR], 29-133 days) and gauze-based dressing groups (median, 45 days; IQR, 26-106 days; log-rank P = .31). Postoperative wounds (62% of the wounds included) healed significantly (P = .02) quicker using gauze dressings (median, 45 days; IQR, 22-93 days vs median, 72 days; IQR, 36-132 days). Median pain scores were low and similar in the occlusive (0.90; IQR, 0.29-2.34) and the gauze (0.64; IQR, 0.22-1.95) groups (P = .32). Daily costs of occlusive materials were significantly higher (occlusive, 6.34 [US $9.95] vs gauze, 1.85 [US $2.90]; P < .001), but nursing time costs per day were significantly higher when gauze was used (occlusive, 1.28 [US $2.01] vs gauze, 2.41 [US $3.78]; P < .001). Total cost for local wound care per patient per day during hospitalization was 7.48 (US $11.74) in the occlusive group and 3.98 (US $6.25) in the gauze-based group (P = .002).