Background The temporoparietal fascial flap has proven to be a versatile flap for
a broad spectrum of reconstructive problems in the head and neck. The temporoparietal
fascial flap is a thin, pliable layer of richly vascularized tissue that may
be transferred either pedicled or free and alone or as a carrier of subjacent
bone or overlying skin and scalp.
Objective To report our experience using a hair-bearing temporoparietal fascial
flap for reconstruction in 6 male patients with extensive upper lip and scalp
defects, including a discussion of the surgical anatomy and technique.
Methods Temporoparietal fascial flaps with overlying scalp were used as pedicled
and free flaps for the reconstruction of upper lip and scalp defects.
Results All reconstructive results were satisfactory. Oral competence, measured
by both speech and mastication performance, was achieved in patients with
upper lip defects. Healthy scalp coverage was obtained in patients with local
defects. The cosmetic appearance was satisfactory to all patients.
Conclusions Ideal reconstruction of large upper lip and scalp defects is achieved
with local tissue that best mimics the normal face color, texture, and hair-bearing
qualities. Hair-bearing temporoparietal fascial flaps possess these characteristics
and are an excellent choice for the restoration of function and aesthetics.