The melolabial fold was marked and a 3-mm strip of skin was preserved over the melolabial fold. The facial skin was then dissected in the immediate subdermal plane and removed both medially and laterally. The underlying fat was identified and inspected. The fascial insertions of the melolabial fold were then followed along their lateral aspect and their relations with the fat pads of the cheek, the levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle, buccinator muscle, orbicularis oris muscle, zygomaticus major muscle, and SMAS were studied. Dissections of the subdermal (malar) fat pad were performed along its undersurface in multiple directions. The relation of the SMAS to the buccal fat pad and retromandibular space was inspected. Medial to the melolabial fold, the subdermal fat overlying the orbicularis oris and levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle was also removed. In the subsequent specimen, the platysma and the SMAS were elevated by inferior to superior dissection over the mandible into the midface and in a lateral to medial direction according to superficial, sub-SMAS, deep-plane, and composite face-lift techniques. The relation of the SMAS to the mandible, mandibulocutaneous ligament, infraorbital, mental and facial nerves, facial vessels, and perioral, buccinator, and zygomatici muscles was studied. We also studied the relation of the superomedial edge of the SMAS to the soft tissues of the midface. Subsequently, we performed dissections to study specific structures and relations, including the sublevator space and fat pad, the buccinator-SMAS fusion, the superomedial edge of the SMAS, the transition of the temporoparietal fascia over the zygoma into the SMAS and into the zygomaticus major muscle, and the layered structure of the transition from the buccinator-SMAS fusion to the modiolus.